Hier finden Sie wissenschaftliche Publikationen aus den Fraunhofer-Instituten.

Dry sliding up to 7.5 m/s and 800 degrees C of thermally sprayed coatings of the TiO2-Cr2O3 system and (Ti,Mo)(C,N)-Ni(Co)

: Berger, L.-M.; Stahr, C.C.; Saaro, S.; Thiele, S.; Woydt, M.; Kelling, N.


Ludema, K.C.:
17th International Conference on Wear of Materials 2009. Vol.2 : Las Vegas, USA, 19 - 23 April 2009
Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2009 (Wear 267.2009, Nr.5-8)
ISSN: 0043-1648
International Conference on Wear of Materials <17, 2009, Las Vegas/Nev.>
Konferenzbeitrag, Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Fraunhofer IWS ()
Fraunhofer IKTS ()

Since the term 'lubricious oxides' was introduced to tribology in order to describe expected low coefficients of friction (COF) and high wear resistances in unlubricated (dry) sliding conditions numerous studies have been carried out on bulk materials and thermal spray coatings of the Ti-O system. Recently, studies were performed on the binary TiO2-Cr2O3 system, as well as with (Ti,Mo)(C,N)-NiMo cermets or TiC-based thermally sprayed hardmetal coatings, which might form beneficial titanium suboxides as a result of tribo-oxidative and/or high-temperature reactions. in this paper, we shortly summarize the characteristics and dry sliding wear resistance of thermally sprayed oxide coatings of the Ti-O and TiO2-Cr2O3 lsystems, as well as of (Ti,Mo)(C,N)-Ni(Co) hardmetat coatings. The prediction of solid lubrication properties of titanium suboxides was inspired from the planar oxygen defects present in the Magneli-phases of titania, e.g., so-called crystallographic shear planes. While such structures with some limitations can be realised in coatings, the significant disadvantage is that TiOx tends to re-oxidize in air above similar to 380 degrees C. The iso-structural phases in the TiO2-Cr2O3 phase diagram can be prepared in air and have stable oxygen content. However, as can be concluded from the phase diagram, during thermal spraying phase transformations occur as well. In this paper, the wear resistance of alumina dry sliding against APS-sprayed coatings of three compositions in the TiO2-Cr2O3 systems (compositions 75Cr(2)O(3)/25TiO(2), 27Cr(2)O(3)/73TiO(2) and 23.5Cr(2)O(3)/76.5TiO(2)) is studied from room temperature up to 800 degrees C and sliding speeds in the range of 0.1-7.5 m/s. The results are compared with those of a chromia and a titania suboxide coatings, as well as with (Ti,Mo)(C,N)-Ni(Co) coatings and bulk (Ti,Mo)(C,N)-NiMo cermets as self-mated couples.