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On-line monitoring of fatigue in the LCF and HCF range by using micro-magnetic NDT at plain carbon and austenitic stainless steel

: Dobmann, G.; Lang, M.A.

European Federation for Non-Destructive Testing -EFNDT-; Spanish Society for Non-Destructive Testing:
8th European Conference on Nondestructive Testing 2002. CD-ROM
Madrid, 2002
European Conference on Nondestructive Testing (ECNDT) <8, 2002, Barcelona>
Fraunhofer IZFP ()
Super Conducting Quantum Interference Devices (SQUID); austenitic stainless steel; fatigue; micromagnetic technique

Austenitic stainless steels are in wide-spread application in the chemical as well as nuclear industry, mainly because of their high toughness and insensitivity against corrosion attack. However, under static as well as fatigue load the material has the tendency to response with localized phase transformations from the non-magnetic g- to the martensitic and ferromagnetic a'-phase. The process starts localized at positions of higher stress intensity, i.e. at microstructure inhomogeneities like non-metallic inclusions and carbonitride precipitates.
Magnetic sensitive sensors like SQUID or GMR are suitable to already sense small contents of the martensitic phase in the bulk volume. The report is to the Ti-stabilized austenitic stainless steel X6 CrNiTi 18 10 (1.4551) fatigued under HCF-as well as LCF-conditions, at ambient temperature and 320°C as well as plain carbon steel. The magnetic results show a clear early indication of damage. A special device was developed to follow insitu the fatigue damage accumulation in the servo-hydraulic machine. The sensor is based on giant magneto resistors (GMR) in a Wheatstone-bridge circuit in combination with an eddy current instrument.