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Hier finden Sie wissenschaftliche Publikationen aus den FraunhoferInstituten. Identification of dimension in phase space for cutting
 Poprawe, R. ; Wissenschaftliche Gesellschaft Lasertechnik WLT: Lasers in Manufacturing 2003 : Proceedings of the Second International WLTConference on Lasers in Manufacturing 2003 München: ATVerlag, 2003 ISBN: 3000116737 S.351355 
 International Conference on Lasers in Manufacturing <2, 2003, München> 

 Englisch 
 Konferenzbeitrag 
 Fraunhofer ILT () 
 cutting; modelling; simulation 
Abstract
Laser cutting is an established separation process. Reliable machining at high productivity and quality as well as simplified machine operation are the actual goals in industries. This work describes the advances in fundamental physical modelling of time dependent processes involved in piercing, trepanning and contour cutting. The effects of short laser pulses (>ns) onto the motion of the melting front and the melt flow are discussed. The generic laser beam processes like cutting, welding and drilling are Free Boundary Problems for the motion of two phase boundaries. In the longtime limit of such dissipative dynamical systems a reduction of the dimension in phase space occurs. The degrees of freedom are identified by methods of singular perturbation theory. In particular, the appearance of boundary layer character in heat diffusion and melt flow is discussed. The type and the appropriate number of the degrees of freedom are investigated. Integral and spectral methods are used to derive the equations of motion for the different finite dimensional approximations. Integral methods lead to approximate dynamical systems describing the longtime limit. Spectral methods are used to identify the onset of deviations on short temporal and spatial scales. The longtime limit of the dynamical system is shown to give a very good approximation of the exact solution even for moderate situations. The temporal and spatial scales on which deviations occur are determined to be relevant for example in piercing and trepanning.