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The influence of NaBr/NaCl ratio on the Br(-) catalyzed production of halogenated radicals

 
: Behnke, W.; Elend, M.; Krüger, U.; Zetzsch, C.

:

Journal of atmospheric chemistry 34 (1999), S.87-99
ISSN: 0167-7764
Englisch
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Fraunhofer ITA ( ITEM) ()
bromine; chlorine; pH; aerosol; bromine compound; troposphere

Abstract
The activation of Br- and Cl- to atomic Br and Cl in sea-spray aerosol was investigated in smog-chamber experiments. In the presence of O3, hydrocarbons and NaCl aerosol alone no activation was observed. By adding Br- to the aerosol, the chain reaction: Br + O3 ==> BrO, BrO + HO2 ==> HOBr, HOBr ==> HOBr(aq), HOBr(aq) + H+ + Br- ==> Br2 (6), HOBr(aq) + H+ + Cl- ==>BrCl(7) was verified. The step from reaction (6) to (7) is accompanied by a decrease of the Br-/Cl- ratio from 1/600 to less than 1/2000. In the absence of sulphate, the chain is initiated by the reaction of OH(aq) with Br-.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/dokumente/B-64262.html