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Development of ceramic filter materials for particle removal above 800 deg C

: Westerheide, R.; Adler, J.; Walch, A.; Völker, W.; Buhl, H.; Fister, D.

Univ. Karlsruhe, Institut für Mechanische Verfahrenstechnik und Mechanik:
Gas cleaning at high temperatures. 4. International Symposium and Exhibition 1999. Papers
Karlsruhe, 1999
pp.384-392 : Ill., Lit.
International Symposium and Exhibition on Gas Cleaning at High Temperatures <4, 1999, Karlsruhe>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IWM ()
binder; ceramic filter; filter element; filtration; grain ceramic; silicon carbide

The hot gas particulate removal of many advanced coal fired power generation technologies works at temperatures above 800 deg C. The filter elements for these applications are often based on ceramic materials, e.g. silicon carbide. However, the mostly clay bonded silicon carbide is subject to creep and oxidation due to probable changes of the binder phase. In this work the development of new ceramic filter materials based on silicon carbide and alumina is described. The goal of the development was to increase the potential application temperature. To obtain the goal, the work was performed together with ceramic powder manufacturers, developers of ceramic materials and components as well with companies who operate test facilities. Different routes were chosen to increase the high temperature resistance in consideration of corrosion resistance, fracture strength and pressure loss of the filter materials. One of these routes was the optimization of the binder phase of the silicon carbide materials. Other routes were concentrated on the base material and the investigation of other possibilities for the silicon carbide bonding, i.e. a recrystallization process of SiC (RSiC) or a self bonding of granulated small grained silicon carbide powder. Additionally filter materials based on alumina were developed. In the presentation an overview will be given about some main results of the project.