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Changes in light-scatter profile, membrane depolarization and calcium mobilization of neutrophils induced by G-CSF in vivo



British Journal of Haematology 88 (1994), pp.506-514
ISSN: 0007-1048
Journal Article
Fraunhofer ITA ( ITEM) ()
granulocytes; immunology; neutropenia; neutrophils; signal transduction

To extend our studies about phenotypical and functional alterations of G-CSF-induced neutrophils we have evaluated their light-scatter profile, mobilization of intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i) and membrane depolarization after stimulation. A significant increase in the forward scatter signals could be demonstrated in such neutrophils from patients with neutropenias of various origin and from healthy test subjects. This increase began 4 h and returned to normal 96 h after G-CSF injections in the latter group. We found an impairment of [Ca2+]i mobilization in neutrophils from patients with glycogen storage disease type IB after stimulation of these cells with fMLP. It was even more pronounced than in severe congenital neutropenia (SCN). However, [CA2+]i fluxes were normal when ionomycin was used. Neutrophils from patients with cyclic neutropenia (cyNP) and chemotherapy-induced neutropenia (chNP) mobilized [CA2+]i similar to those from healthy donors. (abstract truncated)