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Calibration Propagation for Image Augmentation

: Stricker, D.; Navab, N.


Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers -IEEE-; Association for Computing Machinery -ACM-; European Association for Computer Graphics -EUROGRAPHICS-; Association for Computing Machinery -ACM-, Special Interest Group on Computer and Human Interaction -SIGCHI-; Association for Computing Machinery -ACM-, Special Interest Group on Graphics -SIGGRAPH-:
2nd IEEE and ACM International Workshop on Augmented Reality 1999. Proceedings
Los Alamitos, Calif.: IEEE Computer Society, 1999
International Workshop on Augmented Reality (IWAR) <2, 1999, San Francisco/Calif.>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IGD ()
augmented reality; calibration; Motion image analysis

Calibration is the first step of image augmentation. Classical approaches compute the projection matrix given 3D points of the scene and their 2D image correspondences. Different auto-calibration algorithms have been recently developed by the computer vision communicty. They do not use 2D-3D correspondences, butneed many 2D-2D correspondences over long sequence of images to provide stable results. In this article we propose a calibration propagation procedure, which is in-between the two previous a pproaches. Starting from one calibrated image, the unknown camera parameters and position are computed for a second image. In particular, this paper presents a method for extracting the focal length and the 3D structure, while other camera intrinsic parameters remain invariant. In practice for many professional cameras the principal point is approximately at the center of the image and the aspect ratio is given by camera specification. Calibration propagation is relevant to augmented real it y applications, e.g. video see through HMD with zooming capability, since it enables image augmentation for a number of camera views with changing intrinsic parameters. In this paper we present results on synthetic images showing the theoretical validity and performance of the method. We then use real data to demonstrate the potential of this approach for image augmentation applications in industrial maintenance assistance and architectural design.