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Bandwidth of inhomogeneously polarized PVDF-films and their use in the design of efficient ultrasonic transducers

: Arnold, W.; Pangraz, S.

Ferroelectrics 93 (1989), pp.251-257
ISSN: 0015-0193
ISSN: 1563-5112
European Conference on Applications of Polar Dielectrics <1, 1988, Zürich>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IZFP ()
bandwidth; inhomogeneous polarization; piezoelectric transducer; PVDF polymer and copolymer

Ultrasonic transducers made out of Polyvinylidene flouride (PVDF) exhibit a broad bandwidth because the piezoelectric constant d33 can have a gradient inside the material. To understand the behavior of the bandwidth in more detail, we have solved the inhomogeneous wave equation for ultrasound generation by PVDF-transducers with the aid of the Green's function formalism. Furthermore, the band-width of PVDF-transducers is also determined by the electrical matching network employed and a broadband characteristic can be obtained by matching the impedance with an inductance, and by transforming the value of the effective impedance to 50 Omega with a toroidal transformer. Experimentally, we achieved an insertion loss of about 20 dB for a 35 MHz-PVDF-transducer, its 3 dB bandwidth being about 17 MHz. For Polyvinylidene fluoride Trifluorethylene P (VDF-TrFE), a copolymer of PVDF, the insertion loss is about 10 dB rivaling the one obtainable with PZT-transducers.