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Variation of the wettability of DLC-coatings by network modification using silicon and oxygen

: Grischke, M.; Hieke, A.; Morgenweck, F.; Dimigen, H.


Diamond and Related Materials 7 (1998), No.2-5, pp.454-458
ISSN: 0925-9635
European Conference on Diamond, Diamond-like and Related Materials <8, 1997, Edinburgh>
Journal Article, Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IST ()
fluorine; silicon; DLC; surface energy

Research in recent years has shown that it is possible to combine the well-known properties of diamond-like-carbon coatings (DLC) with a less noticed property, the surface energy. It is known that doping the DLC-matrix with fluorine causes a decrease of the surface energy to 20mN/m. Fluorine-containing DLC-coatings with such low surface energies exhibit a similar behaviour like PTFE. The chemical instability of DLC-coatings with a high fluorine content as well as the environmental discussions about fluorine-containing hydrocarbons have shown the necessity for a new approach to these kind of thin films. This paper presents the variation of the wettability of DLC by modifying it with silicon and the influence of oxygen in silicon-modified DLC. From the tribological research it is known that by doping with silicon a decrease of friction can be achieved. A coating-system which is chemically stable up to temperatures of 270øC and which has PTFE-like properties can also be deposited by dopin g the DLC-matrix with silicon. The properties of silicon-containing DLC-coatings are high hardness and wear resistance combined with a PTFE-like wettability. The silicon-containing DLC-Coatings are twenty times less wear resistance than DLC-coatings, but are ten times more wear resistant compared to uncoated 100r6-steel. The surface energy stretches from 32 mN/m to 22 mN/m.