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Two-dimensional imaging of O2, H2O2, and glucose distributions by an array of 400 individually addressable microelectrodes



Analytical chemistry 67 (1995), No.7, pp.1164-1170
ISSN: 0003-2700
ISSN: 1520-6882
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IMS ()
amperometric measurement; bildgebendes Verfahren; Biosensor; chemical sensors; chemischer Sensor; image formation; integrated sensor; low voltage; potentiometric measurement

A monolithic array of 400 individually addressable microelectrodes was fabricated in a modified CMOS process. The platinum electrodes, each 36 µm x 36 µm in size, were arranged in a square matrix of overall area 1 cm². Individual addressing of each electrode in the array was realized by two on-chip shift registers coupled with array control logic. In the electrochemical scanning mode, the 400 electrode signals were read successively. The array was used in supporting electrolyte solutions for imaging of oxygen distributions detected amperometrically at -0.8 V vs Ag/AgCl. Hydrogen peroxide and glucose distributions were imaged amperometrically at +0.8 V vs Ag/AgCl. Prior to imaging glucose distributions, the enzyme glucose oxidase was entrapped into the conducting polymer polypyrrole siumultaneously on all array electrodes. Two minutes was needed for a successive readout of all 400 microelectrode signals.