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Time-resolved optical investigations of Bloch oscillations in semiconductor superlattices

Zeitaufgelöste optische Unterschungen von Blochoszillationen in Halbleiter-Übergittern


Solid-State Electronics 40 (1996), pp.551-554
ISSN: 0038-1101
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IAF ()
III-V Halbleiter; III-V semiconductors; superlattice; time resolved optical spectroscopy; Übergitter; zeitaufgelöste optische Spektroskopie

We present a complementary study of the interband and intraband dynamics of optically excited Bloch oscillations in GaAs/Al(ind x)Ga(ind 1-x)As superlattices. Distinct differences in the frequency and dephasing of the oscillations give evidence for Bloch oscillations performed by electrons in continuum states and by excitonic wavepackets. The dephasing time of the electronic continuum states is found to be exceptionally long as compared to the excitonic dephasing time under identical excitation conditions. These observations are confirmed by THz emission experiments, where Bloch oscillations are detected under optical excitation well above the fundamental band gap. The experimental observations suggest that the electronic coherence may be partially maintained during relaxation and momentum scattering processes.