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Threshold reduction in pierced microdisk lasers
Schwellenreduktion in durchbohrten Mikroscheiben-Lasern
GaAs microdisk lasers with holes pierced through the disk surface are investigated for their threshold characteristics. Disks are fabricated with either a single hole or two diametrically opposite holes at various distances from the disk outer edge. Even though the disk area is reduced by only 1 per cent, we find that the lasing threshold for a disk with one hole is reduced by up to 50 per cent compared to a disk with no hole. We attribute this reduction to the perturbation of nonlasing modes, which decreases the amplification of spontaneous emission in these modes and makes more carriers available to contribute to lasing.