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Structure characteristics of stratified and single fluoride optical coatings


France, C. ; Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers -SPIE-, Bellingham/Wash.:
Developments in optical component coatings : Tagung 15-16 May 1996, Glasgow
Bellingham, Wash.: SPIE, 1996 (Europto series)
ISBN: 0-8194-2161-8
Conference "Developments in Optical Component Coatings" <1996, Glasgow>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IOF ()
extinction coefficient; Extinktionstkoeffizient; fluoride thin films; Fluoridschicht; nanocrystalline structure; nanokristalline Struktur; structure zone model; Struktur-Zonenmodell; Textur; texture

The structure evolution characteristics of MgF2 and NdF3 optical thin films on CaF2 (111) substrates have been investigated by cross sectional transmission electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy and were related to their extinction coefficient. The films were deposited by physical vapour deposition under ultra high vacuum (UHV) conditions. A series of experiments have been carried out at various substrate temperatures at 300 nm thickness and by the stratification on the two fluoride materials. The structure evolution of sngle and stratified films was investigated and discussed in relation to the structure zone models. The effect of stratification on the structure and extinction coefficients is discussed in comparison to the effect of segregating impurities. The development of morphology of stratified is analysed in relation to the thickness of the interlayers and temperature. The optimum conditions for preparing films of low extinction coefficients are found at parameters corr esponding both to the transition between zone T and zone II growth and to the formation of nanocrystalline structures.