Hier finden Sie wissenschaftliche Publikationen aus den Fraunhofer-Instituten.

Statistical distribution of pesticide concentrations in leachate. Results of Monte-Carlo analysis performed with PELMO

Dedicated to Prof. Werner Klein on the occasion of his 60th birthday
: Klein, M.


Chemosphere 35 (1997), No.1/2, pp.379-389
ISSN: 0045-6535
ISSN: 0366-7111
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IUCT ( IME) ()
computer model; groundwater; Monte-Carlo analysis; PELMO; pesticide leaching; simulation

The effect of the variation of climatic input parameters on the leaching of pesticides has been analysed in this study. In order to consider regional differences a total of 13 regions in Germany has been selected each with daily precipitation and temperature data over a period of 30 years. Based on this data set Monte-Carlo simulations have been perfomed for spring as well as for autumn applications. Fluctuations of pesticide concentrations in the leachate, simulations were studied for three classes of pesticides with mean annual concentrations of about 0.01 mu g/L, 0.1 mu g/L, and 1.0 mu g/L. Independent on the scenario the fluctuations decreased with increasing leaching potential. The geometric standard deviation for pesticide concentrations of 1.0 mu g/L was in the range of 1.8 to 2.4. However, simulations with an example pesticide demonstrated that the differences between different scenarios were of higher importance than differences due to variance of climate within a given scenar io.