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A smog chamber for studies of the photochemical degradation of chemicals in the presence of aerosols

: Behnke, W.; Holländer, W.; Koch, W.; Nolting, F.; Zetzsch, C.


Atmospheric environment 22 (1988), No.6, pp.1113-1120
ISSN: 0004-6981
ISSN: 1352-2310
Journal Article
Fraunhofer ITA ( ITEM) ()
aerosol; air pollution; hydrocarbon; photocatalysis; photodegradation; photolysis; silicon dioxide; SiO2; smog chamber; TiO2; titanium dioxide

A smog chamber, especially designed for the simulation of the troposheric photochemical degradation of chemicals adsorbed on aerosol surfaces, is described. With optimum aerodynamic diameters of the aerosols and by special thermostatization of the chamber residence times of the aerosols up to 2 days in the dark and up to 1 day in the presence of simulated sun irradiation are achieved. Experiments on the degradation of simple alkanes and aromatics in the absence and presence of aerosols (SiO sub 2 and TiO sub 2) are reported. Rate constants for the reactions of OH with n-alkanes from n-butane to n-tridecane are determined. These rate constant measurements and the observed concentrations of OH remain unaffected in the presence of SiO sub 2 aerosol at mass concentrations of OH is enhanced by an order of magnitude. In addition, a heterogeneous photodegradation process of the hydrocarbons occurs on the surface of the TiO sub 2 aerosol.