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Advances in the grinding efficiency of sintered alumina abrasives

: Krell, A.; Blank, P.; Wagner, E.; Bartels, G.

Journal of the American Ceramic Society 79 (1996), No.3, pp.763-769
ISSN: 0002-7820
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IKTS ()
Al2O3; Bruchzähigkeit; fracture toughness; gesinterte Schleifmittel; grinding efficiency; hardness; Härte; powder technology; Pulvertechnologie; Schleifleistung; sintered abrasives; sol/gel-technique; Sol/Gel-Technologie; submicron microstructure; Submikrometergefüge

The study relates the grinding power of different grades of sintered alumina abrasives to their microstructures and to basic mechanical properties in comparison with conventionally fused electrocorundum and with an electrofused alumina/zirconia eutectic. Contrary to the traditional approach of the Battelle test, the fracture toughness KIc of individual grains is measured by a quantitative indentation analysis. Compared with fused corundum, sintered alumina grits exhibit an increased toughness and grinding efficiency, but the further increase of KIc in the eutectic does not improve the grinding performance. The key parameter for grinding is the inherent hardness of the abrasive. The elimination of flaws by a new approach results in a strong increase in the grinding power of sintered alumina abrasives.