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Severe infectious complications in a girl suffering from atopic dermatitis were found to be due to chronic granulomatous disease

: Jung, K.; Elsner, J.; Emmendörffer, A.; Bittrich, A.; Lohmann-Matthes, M.-L.; Roesler, J.

Acta dermato-venererologica 73 (1993), No.6, pp.433-436
ISSN: 0001-5555
ISSN: 1651-2057
Journal Article
Fraunhofer ITA ( ITEM) ()
chemiluminescence; chronic granulomatous disease; disease; fibroblast; immune system; immunoglobulins; immunology; infection; infectious disease; inflammation; lymphocyte; phagocyte; reactive oxygen intermediate; skin

Recently, the diagnosis of a variant form of chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) could be established in an 11-year-old girl who had been treated for atopic dermatitis for many years. In addition to severe superinfections of lesions of the skin, the following symptoms were found currently or in her history: an episode of chronic diarrhoea, and endomyocarditis, a paranephritic abscess and recurrent lymph node abscesses. This case is demonstrated to underline the importance of extensive immunologic diagnostics in situations of recurrent severe infections of the skin, especially if other organs are involved. Diagnosis and type of CGD were strongly indicated by flow cytometrical measurement of H2O2 and cytochrome b558 expression by neutrophils comfirmed by a Western blot test. No immunoreactive p47phox could be found in the patient's cells. In this autosomal recessive variant of CGD some retained ability of phagocytes to produce reactive oxygen intermediates was present.