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Reliability investigations of flip chip interconnects in FCOB and FCOG applications by FEA

: Schubert, A.; Dudek, R.; Döring, R.; Michel, B.


Tay, A.A.O. ; Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers -IEEE-, Singapore Section, Reliability CPMT EDS Chapter:
2nd Electronic Packaging Technology Conference 1998. Proceedings
Piscataway, NJ: IEEE, 1998
ISBN: 0-7803-5141-X
ISBN: 0-7803-5142-8
Electronic Packaging Technology Conference <2, 1998, Singapore>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IZM ()
adhesives; chip-on-board packaging; circuit optimisation; circuit simulation; conducting polymers; creep; encapsulation; failure analysis; finite element analysis; flip-chip devices; integrated circuit interconnections; integrated circuit modelling; integrated circuit packaging; integrated circuit reliability; microassembling; Soldering; stress relaxation; thermal expansion; thermal stress

One major concern over thermally induced mechanical stress is that it causes reliability problems in electronic device packaging and interconnects. IC packaging has accelerated development of flip chip structures as used in flip chip on board (FCOB) or flip chip on glass (FCOG) technology. Much testing is usually required to meet the reliability needs of an assembly or to optimize its design. Finite element analysis (FEA) is used to understand the reasons for failure and the critical parameters which may be varied; however, use of FEA generates difficulties concerning the geometrical description and constitutive modeling of the materials used. Solder joints, the most widely used FCOB interconnects, have relatively low structural compliance due to the large CTE mismatch between die and organic substrate. This causes high thermally induced creep strain on interconnects during temperature cycling and leads to early failure. Flip chip reliability can be enhanced by applying an epoxy-based underfill between chip and substrate. However, over ranges of design, process and material parameters, different failure modes are observed with significant dependence on material properties and geometry. Nonlinear FEA of flip chip structures is carried out to study the reliability impact of selected design and material parameters. Two fundamental issues are addressed: optimized manufacturing process-induced defects and underfill material thermo-mechanical properties. Anisotropic conductive films (ACF) are widely used for FCOG packaging. Nonlinear FEA simulations are conducted to investigate stress development and relaxation in ACF joints.