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Release of overheated liquids from plutonium-nitrate transfer containers

Freisetzung und Ausbreitung von überhitzten Flüssigkeiten aus Plutonium-Nitrat-Trnsportbehältern
: Seehars, H.D.; Hochrainer, D.

Liu, X.:
Aerosols. Science, technology and industrial applications of airborne particles. Proceedings of the 1. International Aerosols Conference
Amsterdam, New York/N.Y.: Elsevier, 1984 (Proceedings of the International Aerosol Conference 1)
ISBN: 0-444-00947-7
International Aerosol Conference <1, 1984, Minneapolis/Minn.>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IUCT ( IME) ()
aerosol; Aufheizung; Ausbreitung; Freisetzung; inhalable particles; overheating incident; plutonium nitrate; Plutoniumnitrat; release; transport container; Transportbehälter; Treibstoffbrand

Plutonium is conveyed in titanium bottles as Plutonium nitrate. These bottles have a volume of 10 liters and are protected against heat and mechanical shock by a layer of asbestos. In case this protection fails during a transport accident in a fire, the Pubottle might be overheated and explode. Some of the released Punitrate will be in the state of an aerosol. For the experiments Ce is used as a substitute for Pu. The orientation of the bottle (vertical, horizontal), the degree of filling and the concentration of the Pu-solution are varied. Also bottles with defined cracks are used. Main paramaters for measurement are the amount of released, inhalable Ce and the particle size distribution of the aerosol.