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Process Integrated Nondestructive Testing (PINT) for Evaluation of Hardness, Case Depth and Grinding Defects

: Theiner, W.; Kern, R.; Graus, M.

Brusey, B.; Bussiere, J.F.; Dubois, M.; Moreau, A. ; Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum:
Advanced Sensors for Metals Processing
Quebec: Met Soc, 1999
ISBN: 0-919086-92-6
Annual Conference of Metallurgists of CIM - Gateway to the 21th Century <38, 1999, Quebec>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IZFP ()
defect analysis; process integrated nondestructice testing; process monitoring

Up to now, techniques such as metallographic inspection, X-Ray diffraction, and hardness measurements are used for the determination of material characteristics. However, these techniques cannot be integrated into the production line because their testing speed is too low and most of these techniques are destructive in nature. Since hardness and stress measurements are influenced by various material parameters, nondestructive multiparameter techniques are necessary to get unambiguous values. Macromagnetic (3MA) and Multifrequency Eddy Current (MFEC) techniques developed in recent are found to be most appopriate for nondestructive mu ltiparameter testing. Quantitative values can be achieved by using multiple regression or neutral net analysis. Industrial applications have shown that PINT will be used, provided that: (I.) The results will be economocally beneficial, (II.) conventional tests are not applicable, (III.) different material properties must be measured simultaneously, (IV.) di sturbalances can be suppressed using probes with multiparameter characteristics, (V.) real-time monitoring systems and 100 per cent inspection are needed. Actual examples on Process Integrated Nondestructive testing (PINT) are given on hardness, case depth and grinding defect measurements.