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Preparation of monolithic crystalline lead titanate aerogels



Journal of Materials Science : JMS 33 (1998), pp.2371-2377
ISSN: 0022-2461
ISSN: 1573-4803
Journal Article
Fraunhofer ISC ()
Aerogel; monolithic crystalline; titanate aerogel

Lead titanate gels were prepared via sol-gel synthesis and dried either in supercritical carbon dioxide or isopropanol. Both types of aerogels were characterized by means of thermal analysis and transmission electron microscopy. Helium pycnometry and nitrogen adsorption measurements were performed on samöles that had been annealed at temperatures up to 600 deg C. Phase transformations and the crystallization of tetragonal PbTiO3 were monitored by X-ray diffraction. While aerogels supercritically dried in carbon dioxide disintegrate upon heat treatment, samples dried in isopropanol can be transformed to the crystalline state as monoliths. With an envelope density of 0.75g/cm3 these ceramics exhibit a porosity of 90 per cent.