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Organic acid utilization, succinate excretion, encystation and oscillating nitrogenase activity in azospirillum brasilense under microaerobic conditions

 
: Papen, H.; Werner, D.

Archives of microbiology (1982), No.132, pp.57-61
ISSN: 0302-8933
English
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IFU; 2002 in Helmholtz-Gesellschaft integriert
azospirillum brasilense; encystation; nitrogenase activity; organic acid utilization; oscillation; succinate excretion

Abstract
Oscillating nitrogenase activity in long lasting batch cultures of Azospirillum brasilense ATCC 29145 is independent of the carbon source malate. With fumarate, succinate or pyruvate as sole carbon source nitrogenase activity is also oscillating. Cultivation in a medium with 20-fold the buffer concentration also results in oscillating nitrogenase activity. Nitrogen-fixing cultures of Azospirillum brasilense ATCC 29145 excrete ammonia into the culture medium varying between 0.02 and 0.04 mM concentrations. This is not sufficient to cause a drop of nitrogenase activity in Azospirillum brasilense after the first maximum. During growth under nitrogen-fixing conditions with malate as carbon source, the cells excrete significant quantities of succinate into the culture medium. Cultures with only 0.05% malate reutilized the excreted succinate as soon as malate disappeared from the medium. Azospirillum brasilense ATCC 29145 is shown to have the capability of encystation. Encysted cells are dif ferent from vegetative cells in their resistance to desiccation, by the spherical shape and by immotility. The results indicate that oscillating nitrogenase activity in long lasting cultures reflects the development from vegetative cells to cysts and again to vegetative cells under microaerobic conditions. (IFU)

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/PX-27676.html