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Optical flow estimation - advances and comparisons

: Otte, M.; Nagel, H.-H.

Eklundh, J.-O.:
Computer Vision. ECCV '94. Proceedings. Vol.1
Berlin: Springer, 1994 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science 800)
ISBN: 3-540-57956-7
ISSN: 0302-9743
pp.51-60 : Abb.,Tab.,Lit.
European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV) <3, 1994, Stockholm>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IITB ( IOSB) ()
approach; comparison; first order optical flow; gradient-based estimation; ground truth; optical flow estimation

This contribution investigates local differential techniques for estimating optical flow and its derivatives based on the brightness change constraint. By using the tensor calculus representation we build the Taylow expansion of the gray-value derivatives as well as of the optical flow in a spatiotemporal neighborhood. Such a formulation simplifies a unifying framework for all existing local differential approaches and allows to derive new systems of equations to estimate the optical flow and its derivatives. We also tested various optical flow estimation approaches on real image sequences recorded by a calibrated camera fixed on the arm of a robot. By moving the arm of the robot along a precisely defined trajectory we can determine the true displacement rate of scene surface elements projected into the image plane and compare it quantitatively with the results of different optical flow estimators.