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On laser fusion cutting - the self-adjusting cutting kerf width

: Schulz, W.; Becker, D.

Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers -SPIE-, Bellingham/Wash.:
High power lasers and laser machining technology
Bellingham/Wash., 1989 (Proceedings of SPIE 1132)
ISBN: 0-8194-0168-4
pp.211-221 : Abb.,Lit.
European Congress on Optics (ECO) <2, 1989, Paris>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer ILT ()
cutting; emphasis; environment; influence; iteration; melt-flow; modification; process parameter

The process of laser fusion cutting depends on physical quantities which are not adjustable directly, but established by the process itself. Examples are the slope of the cutting front, the melt-film thickness, the surface temperature and the cutting kerf width. Expecially, up to now, the cutting kerf was approximated to have the same extent as the laser beam itself. Our present model makes allowance for the distribution of the laser intensity, the global momentum balance determining the melt-flow, and the heat -conduction equation in connection with the boundary condition for the absorbed energy density flow. The resulting three- dimensional cutting front geometry is calculated and the physical mechanism determining the cutting kerf width is discussed.