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Migration from Food Packaging Containing a Functional Barrier. Mathematical and Experimental Evaluation

: Piringer, O.G.; Franz, R.; Huber, M.; Begley, T.H.; McNeal, T.P.


Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 46 (1998), No.4, pp.1532-1538
ISSN: 0021-8561
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IVV ()
diffusion; food packaging; functional barrier; migration; recycled polymers

A model for predicting the functional barrier properties of layered films based on Fickian diffusion is presented along with experimental migration data from layered poly(ethylene terephthalate) films (PET) to test the model. Three-layered coextruded PET films were produced in which the center layer contained model solutes/contaminants and the outer layers were made with virgin material. The contaminants in the center layer were toluene and chlorobenzene. The PET films, which were 400 mym thick, had barrier layers of 20, 30, 40 and 60 mym of virgin coextruded PET. The center or core layer had thicknesses between 360 and 280 mym. The amount of migration was measured into water, 3 % acetic acid, and isooctane at temperatures up to 60 centigrades. The measured amount of migration through the different barrier thicknesses was predictible on the basis of the model presented. The effects of diffusion from the center layer to a virgin barrier layer during the coextrusion process must be consi dered if reliable predictions of migration are to be obtained.