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Mechanisms and micromechanics of fatigue crack propagation in Glassy thermoplastics

: Könczöl, L.; Döll, W.


Colloid and polymer science (1990), No.268, pp.814-822
ISSN: 0303-402X
ISSN: 0023-2904
ISSN: 1435-1536
International Conference on Deformation, Yield and Fracture of Polymers <7, 1988, Cambridge>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IWM ()
crack propagation; craze extension ratio; Craze-Spannung; craze stress; Craze-Verstrickung; fatigue; Rißwachstum; thermoplast; thermoplastic; Wechsellast

An iterative approach is used to estimate, from interference optics measurements, the variation of refractive index and, hence, extension ratio along the length of a craze at the tip of a fatigue crack. The finite element method is used to compute craze surface stress distributions which are found to be similar to those obtained for static loading. High extension ratios, in the range 6 to 8 for retarded fatigue crack growth in poly (vinylchloride), are attained in the craze fibrils at the crack tip before crack jump occurs. The craze thickens primarily by surface drawing during the early stages of its growth but in the later stages the fibril creep mechanism predominates. The critical fibril extension ratio is not reached in a single cycle, as in normal fatigue crack propagation, and crack jump does not occur until, typically, after several hundreds of cycles during which the fibrils accumulate considerable damage.