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Malignant transformation of mouse M2-fibroblasts by glycerol chlorohydrines in protein hydrolysates and commercial food.

Maligne Transformation von Maus-M2-Fibroblasten durch in Protein-Hydrolysaten und Nahrungsmitteln enthaltene Glycerolchlorhydrine
: Piasecki, A.; Ruge, A.; Marquardt, H.

Arzneimittel-Forschung 40 (1990), No.9, pp.1054-1055
ISSN: 0004-4172
Journal Article
Fraunhofer ITA ( ITEM) ()
carcinogen; carcinogenicity; food ingredient; genotoxicity; glycerol chlorohydrine; malignant transformation; mouse M2-fibroblast

Clycerol chlorohydrines, such as 3-chloro-1,2-propanediol and 1,3-dichloro-2-propanol, are present in commerical protein hydrolysates used for human nutrition. These compounds are genotoxic and 1,3-dichloro-2-propanol induced tumours in rats. Now it is reported that both compounds are active at inducing malignant transformation of mouse fibroblasts. Therefore, the carcinogenic risk to humans by exposure to these compounds contained in food is of concern. The investigation of the in vivo carcinogenic potential of 3-chloro-1,2-propanediol is urgently required to further evaluate the carcinogenic risk to exposed consumers.