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Linalool contents as characteristics of some flavour grade cocoas.

Linaloolgehalt als Merkmal einiger Edelkakaos
: Ziegleder, G.


Zeitschrift für Lebensmittel-Untersuchung und -Forschung 191 (1990), No.4/5, pp.306-309 : Tab.,Lit.
ISSN: 0044-3026
Journal Article
Fraunhofer ILV ( IVV) ()
aroma; cocoa; flavor; gas chromatography; Gaschromatographie; Kakao; product control; Produktkontrolle; Qualität; quality; Terpen; terpene

The terpenes present in cocoa flavour were analysed by means of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The pyranoid linalool oxides, ocimene and nerolidol, were identified for the first time as cocoa volatiles. Linalool, which is the major terpene component in cocoa contributes markedly to the flowery and tea-like flavour of some cocoa varieties. Flavour grade beans contain relatively high concentrations of linalool and basic grade cocoas possess. The isolation of linalool by means of intensive (simultaneous distillation extraction) and more gentle methods (vacuum condensation) yields similar quantitative results. The estimation of the concentration ratio of linalool/benzaldehyde within steam distillates is suitable for the industrial quality control of unroasted cocoas.