Hier finden Sie wissenschaftliche Publikationen aus den Fraunhofer-Instituten.

Infrared spectroscopy of tropospheric trace gases. Combined analysis of horizontal and vertical column abundances

: Sussmann, R.; Schäfer, K.


Applied optics 36 (1997), No.3, pp.735-741 : Ill., Lit.
ISSN: 0003-6935
ISSN: 1539-4522
ISSN: 1559-128X
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IFU; 2002 in Helmholtz-Gesellschaft integriert
Fourier-Transform ir Absorption; in situ; open path; remote sensing; solar absorption; vertical profiles

Vibration-rotation absorptions in high-resolution Fourier-transform infrared spectra from a 246-m horizontal path were used to derive local concentrations of trace gases at the Alpine observatory at the Zugspitze summit, Germany (2964 m above sea level). The analysis was performed by using the line-by-line nonlinear least-squares spectral fitting software, SFIT, based on the 1992 HITRAN line parameter compilation. (HITRAN is a high-resolution transmission molecular absorption database.) A comparison to in situ measurements shows an agreement of better than 4.3 per cent for the species CO, CO2, and CH4. Using the same spectrometer and analysis software, we obtained the vertical column density of N2O together with an adjusted vertical volume mixing ratio distribution. This translates to a local N2O concentration at the altitude of Zugspitze that agrees with the horizontal path-derived value to within 1 per cent.