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Hydrogenase activities in cyanobacteria

: Bothe, H.; Kentemich, T.; Papen, H.; Schmülling, T.


Biochimie (1986), No.68, pp.121-132
ISSN: 0300-9084
ISSN: 0300-5084 (Falsche ISSN)
ISSN: 6183-1638
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IFU; 2002 in Helmholtz-Gesellschaft integriert
anacystis nidulans; cyanobacteria; glutamine synthetase; hydrogen-metabolism; hydrogenase; nitrogen fixation; thioredoxin

In the unicellular Anacystis nidulans, the expression of both the H2-uptake (with phenazine methosulfate or methylene blue as the electron acceptor) and H2-evolution (with methyl viologen reduced by Na2S2O4) was dependent on Ni in the culture medium. In extracts from Anacystis and Anabaena 7119, H2-evolution and uptake activities were strongly inhibited by Cu(2+)-ion, p-chloromercuribenzoate and HgCl2 suggesting that at least one functional SH-group is involved in catalysis by hydrogenase. Extracts from the N2-fixing Anabaena 7119 contained two different hydrogenase fractions which could be separated by chromatography on DE-52 cellulose using a linear NaCl concentration gradient. The fraction eluting with 0.13 M NaCl from the column catalyzed only the uptake of H2 with methylene bliue as the electron acceptor but virtually not the evolution of H2 ("uptake" hydrogenase fraction). The fraction eluting at a NaCl strength of 0.195 M catalyzed both H2-uptake with methylene blue and H2-evolu tion with reduced methyl viologen ("reversible" hydrogenase fraction). Growth under anaerobic conditions drastically enhanced the activity levels of the "reversible" but not of the "uptake" hydrogenase fraction. The "uptake" hydrogenase but not the "reversible" protein was activated by reduced thioredoxin. It is suggested that thioredoxin activates the H2-uptake by the membrane-bound "uptake" hydrogenase also in intact cells. The occurence of the number of hydrogenases in cyanobacteria will be reevaluated. (IFU)