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An electrohydrodynamic micropump

: Richter, A.; Sandmaier, H.

MEMS '90. IEEE Workshop on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems
Workshop on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS) <1990, Napa Valley/Calif.>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IFT; 2000 dem IZM eingegliedert
actuator; Aktor; EHD; EHD injectionspump; electrohydrodynamic; Elektrohydrodynamik; Injektionspumpe; micromachining; micropump; Mikromechanik; Mikropumpe; pump; Pumpe

A new micromachined electrohydrodynamic (EHD) injection pump is presented for the first time. The pump consists mainly of two opposed grids, which are micromachined from single crystal silicon and bonded together anodically. Pumping and static pressure generation was achieved with different polar fluids such as ethanole, propanole or acetone but most organic solvents can be pumped. With ethanole a maximum static pressure of 2.5 kPa (32 cm pumping head) and a pumping rate of 14 ml/min at a pressure of 420 Pa were achieved. For the realized pump the grid area measures 3 mm x 3 mm and the grid distance 350 mym. Pumping started at d.c. voltages as low as 40 V, wheras 700 V were needed for maximum throughput. Pumping was also observed with a.c. driving voltage. To increase pressure several of the devices can be stacked. This opens up new applications like micromachined cooling systems or microhydraulic actuators. The maximum flow rate and pressure head can be varied in a wide range by adjus ting the dimensions of the pump. By further reducing the grid distance driving voltages below 100 V are expected.