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An electrodynamic injection pump - a novel actuator for microsystem technology

: Plettner, A.; Richter, A.; Sandmaier, H.

Reichl, H.:
Micro-System Technologies '90. 1st International Conference on Micro, Electro, Opto, Mechanic Systems and Components
Berlin: Springer, 1990
ISBN: 0-387-53025-8
ISBN: 3-540-53025-8
International Conference on Micro Electro, Opto, Mechanic Systems and Components <1, 1990, Berlin>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IFT; 2000 dem IZM eingegliedert
actuator; Aktor; EHD; electrohydrodynamic; Elektrohydrodynamik; injection pump; MEMS; micropump; Mikromechanik; Mikropumpe; Mikrosystemtechnik

A silicon micromachined electrohydrodynamic (EHD) injection pump for microsystem technology is presented. The pump consists of two opposed grids, which are micromachined from single crystal silicon and bonded together anodically. Pumping and static pressure generation was achieved with different polar fluids such as ethanole, propanole or acetone but most organic solvents can be pumped. With ethanole a maximum static pressure of 2,5 kPa (32 square centimetre pumping head) and a pumping rate of 14 ml/min at a pressure of 420 Pa were achieved. For the realized pump the grid area measures 3 mm x 3 mm and the grid distance 350 mym. Pumping started at d.c. voltages as low as 40 V, wheras 700 V were needed for maximum throughput. Pumping was also observed with a.c. driving voltage. To increase pressure serveral of the devices can be stacked. This opens up new applications like micromachined cooling systems or microhydraulic actuators. The maximum flow rate and pressure head can be varied in a wild range by adjusting the dimensions of the pump. By further reducing the grid distance driving voltages below 100 V are expected.