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The effects of gas explosions in free and partially confined fuel/air mixtures.

Die Wirkung von Gasexplosionen in freien und teilverdämmten Brennstoff/Luft-Gemischen
: Pförtner, H.

Propellants, explosives, pyrotechnics 10 (1985), No.5, pp.151-155
ISSN: 0340-7462
ISSN: 0721-3115
ISSN: 1521-4087
Journal Article
Fraunhofer ICT ()
Brennstoff/Luft-Gemisch; Deflagration; detonation; Flammengeschwindigkeit; Gasexplosion; Gaswolke; Turbulenz; Verdämmung; Wasserstoff

To obtain a further insight into the complex flame acceleration process of deflagrating fuel/air mixtures experimental investigations were carried out in free and partially confined homogeneous clouds with hydrogen as a fuel. The results of the experiments in an unconfined hemispherical configuration shows a distinct dependence of the flame velocity on the cloud size which does not exceed, however, an upper limiting value. The experiments under partially confined conditions without additional turbulence indicate that the flame velocity and consequently the pressure field is governed by the hemispherical flame front initially formed; i.e. the flame velocity is not affected by the partial confinement. To increase the turbulence effects further experiments were carried out with a fan and with jet ignition. In the case of fan induced turbulence the flame velocity was strongly influenced by the fan speed. At a certain fan capacity the transition of a deflagration into a detonation was obser ved. With jet ignition produced by venting an explosion chamber into the partially confined cloud the transition occured even with hydrogen concentrations in air as low as 22 vol%. The results which are discussed on the basis of turbulence models show that high damaging overpressures or the transition from a deflagration into a detonation are only generated by strong turbulences as a cdonsequence of flow and/or obstacles.