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The effect of gas-phase chemistry on aqueous-phase sulfur dioxide oxidation rates

: Stockwell, W.R.


Journal of atmospheric chemistry (1994), No.19, pp.317-329
ISSN: 0167-7764
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IFU; 2002 in Helmholtz-Gesellschaft integriert
acid deposition; cloud; hydrogen peroxide; hydroperoxy radical; hydroxyl radical; sulfate linearity; sulfate production; sulfur dioxide; visibility

The rates and mechanisms of both gas and liquid phase reactions for the oxidation of sulfur dioxide play an important role in the production of atmospheric acids and aerosol particles. Rhode et al. (198 1) concluded that sulfate production rates were highly non-linear functions of sulfur dioxide emission rates. Their modelling study used an HO(x) termination mechanism for the HO-SO2 reaction in the gas-phase. Stockwell and Calvert (1983) determined that one of the products of the overall reaction of HO with sulfur dioxide was an HO2 radical. The National Research Council (1983) using a version of the Rhode et al. (1981) model modified to include HO2 production from the HO-SO2 reaction concluded that sulfate production becomes much more linear with respect to reductions in sulfur dioxide emissions. However, the cause of this increased linearity was not explained by the National Research Council report. It is demonstrated that the increased linearity is due to the coupling of gas-phase a nd aqueous-phase chemistry. The gas-phase sulfur dioxide oxidation mechanism has a very significant effect on hydrogen perodide production rates.