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Drying of brick walls after impregnation

: Künzel, H.M.; Kießl, K.

Fulltext urn:nbn:de:0011-px-102556 (200 KByte PDF)
MD5 Fingerprint: eafe3368b84883c2c280f26a356ef293
Created on: 9.2.2008

Internationale Zeitschrift für Bauinstandsetzen 2 (1996), No.2, pp.87-100
ISSN: 0947-4498
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IBP ()

Elevated moisture content due to driving rain impact on unrendered brick walls may lead to frost damage or accelerated decay of the exposed facade. Additionally, in the case of monolithic exterior walls which are often encountered in historic buildings, a high water content reduces the already low thermal resistance of the wall, thus leading to poor hygienic indoor conditions. Since the appearance of the facade should in general remain unaltered for aesthetical reasons, the obvious measure to improve the moisture protection and thermal quality of brick masonry is the impregnation with water repellent agents, possibly combined with an interior insulation. In field tests, the effect of siloxane impregnation on the moisture behaviour of exposed brick masonry with and without cracks was examined in comparison with untreated as well as with sheltered facades. In all cases the impregnation of exposed wall elements with elevated moisture led to a drying process which resulted in low water contents, similar to the moisture conditions of sheltered facades. The drying of the impregnated wall elements with a thickness of 24 cm takes about one year. Since monolithic brick walls of historic buildings are mostly thicker, complementary heat and moisture transport calculations were carried out for representative walls. Depending on the interior finish (e.g. insultaion) of such brick walls, the drying time after impregnation ranges from 2 to 7 years. In order to avoid frost damage or a long dry-out time, an interior insulation is best applied some time after impregnation.