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Double-stranded RNA and Interferon-alpha induce transcription through different molecular mechanisms

: Decker, T.

Journal of Interferon Research 12 (1992), No.6, pp.445-448
ISSN: 0197-8357
Journal Article
Fraunhofer ITA ( ITEM) ()
biological chemistry; DNA binding protein; gene expression; genetic transcription; interferon; molecular biology; Molecular genetics; regulation; transcription factor

Double-stranded (ds) RNA stimulates the synthesis of several mRNAs known to be induced by type I interferons(IFNs). In this report, it is shown that the IFN-alphastimulated genes (ISGs) 15, 54, 56, and GBP are transcriptionally induced by dsRNA. Transcriptional stimulation occured in the presence of the protein synthesis inhibitor cycloheximide (CHX), indicating that inducibility was directly mediated by dsRNA through the actionof performed proteins. ISGF-3, the protein complex mediating primary transcriptional induction of ISGs by IFN-alpha, was not activated by dsRNA in the presence ofCHX. Additionally, DNA-binding activity of ISGF-2/IRF-1, a protein involved in the regulation of the IFN-beta gene and ISGs, did not correlate with dsRNA-induced transcriptional induction of ISGs. This suggests that dsRNA and IFN-alpha induce ISGs through different molecular mechanisms.