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Distortion of SIMS Profiles due to Ion Beam Mixing: Shallow Arsenic Implants in Silicon

Veränderungen von SIMS Profilen durch Ionenstrahlmischung: Flache Arsenimplantationen in Silicium


Radiation effects and defects in solids 145 (1998), pp.213-223
ISSN: 1042-0150
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IIS B ( IISB) ()
Arsen; Ionenstrahlmischung; Monte Carlo; profile; Rückwärtsmodellierung; silicium; SIMS

SIMS (Secondary Ion Mass Spectroscopy) is extensively used in microelectronics in order to measure the depth profiles of dopants in silicon wafers. During the SIMS analysis, the sputtering ion beam induces several mass transport processes (collisional mixing, radiation--enhanced diffusion of the dopant atoms) which depend on ion beam characteristics (ion mass, energy, incident angle) and on atomic transport properties of the sample. The atomic transport leads to broader and shifted depth profiles in the measurements compared to the original ones. For a delta distribution of the analyzed impurity in depth, the signal of the SIMS apparatus leads to the response function; this function represents the distortion introduced by the measuring technique. In a first approximation, this response function is assumed to be independent of the initial profile depth. The resulting experimentally measured depth profile can be described as a convolution of the original undistorted profile and the SIMS response function. The SIMS distortion function associated with collisional mixing during SIMS analysis is calculated in the present work using a dynamic version of the TRIM program. As the depth dependence of the response function is important for SIMS analysis of shallow ion implanted profiles of arsenic, this effect was taken into account to improve the precision of the SIMS profile modeling.