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Embodied and disembodied technical change. A multi-factorial analysis of german firms

: Grupp, H.; Schwitalla, B.

Fulltext urn:nbn:de:0011-n-99869 (8.9 MByte PDF)
MD5 Fingerprint: 048f5c86ea987a421db54fa0f4d725b1
Created on: 10.1.2013

Lehmann-Waffenschmidt, M.:
Theoretische und empirische Beiträge zur Analyse des wirtschaftlichen Wandels
Berlin: Duncker und Humblot, 2002 (Studien zur Evolutorischen Ökonomik 5)
ISBN: 3-428-10794-2
Book Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer ISI ()
Technischer Fortschritt; industrielle Forschung; Innovation; Schätzung

Disembodied and embodied technical progress (capital investment in innovative goods) seen to be clear-cut theoretical concepts in traditional economic theory. However, the innovative evolution of firms is describes as a quite complex phenomenon in positive economics. In this empirical approach, major determinants of innovation and their interrelation are analysed using regression and factorial analyses for 240 German firms. Apart from the analysis of patents and research and development expenditures, the appropriation of disembodied technical progress along with embodied progress is considered in order to get a concise picture of innovation. It is found that firms follow a distinctly different pattern in this respect, but the embodied and the disembodied parts of innovative sources cannot be measured by the usual proxies as is suggested in theory. Rather the innovative patterns can be derived from different arrays of indicators. Size and industry effects seem to the weak determinants in innovation as industry branches are quite heterogeneous. A proper distinction between disembodied and embodied change seems to be more important.