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Results of measured and simulated hygrothermal loads acting on mineral fiber insulation suggest a revision of durability test

: Zirkelbach, D.; Künzel, H.M.; Bludau, C.

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Rode, C. ; Technical University of Denmark -DTU-, Lyngby:
8th Nordic Symposium on Building Physics in the Nordic Countries 2008. Proceedings. Vol.1 : Copenhagen, June 16-18, 2008
Lyngby, 2008 (DTU Byg Report 189)
ISBN: 978-87-7877-265-7
Nordic Symposium on Building Physics in the Nordic Countries <8, 2008, Kopenhagen>
Conference Paper, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IBP ()

Flat roofs with dark membranes experience higher thermal loads than most other building components. To increase also the moisture loads in the roof two litres of water per m² were inserted to a test roof on the field test site of the Fraunhofer IBP in Holzkirchen. The measured conditions in the roof serve to validate hygrothermal simulations which allow transfer the test to colder and warmer regions in Europe. As result the maximum temperature and moisture conditions and their coincidence occuring in an insulation layer of a building envelope in Europe can be determined. These results are compared to the climate conditions of current test procedures to determine the durability of mineral fibre insulation materials. The rather extreme temperatures and humidities (above 60 or 70 °C and 95 to 100 % RH) applied during these tests lead to a significant reduction of the tensile and compressive strength of glass fibre materials which cannot be observed in real life. Neither in the insulation layer of an ETICS - which was subject of earlier investigations - nor in the flat roof insulation layer such combinations of high temperature and RH were detected. A test procedure shall accelerate the normal degradation process but not make fail a solution which performs well in reality. Therefore a new test procedure is proposed which is closer to the real maximum conditions and should therefore lead to a more realistic performance assessment of the insulation material.