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New possibilities of the acetosulfation of cellulose

: Hettrich, K.; Wagenknecht, W.; Volkert, B.; Fischer, S.


Heinze, T. ; Verein der Zellstoff- und Papier-Chemiker und -Ingenieure:
Structure and properties of cellulose : Selected contributions from the conference in Wiesbaden (Germany), June 26-28, 2007
Weinheim: Wiley-VCH, 2008 (Macromolecular symposia 262.2008, Nr.1)
ISSN: 0258-0322
Verein der Zellstoff- und Papierchemiker und -ingenieure (Annual Meeting) <2007, Wiesbaden>
Conference Paper, Journal Article
Fraunhofer IAP ()

Regioselectively substituted cellulose sulfates in C2/3-, C2/6-, or C6-position of the anhydroglucose unit are accessible by certain synthesis routes. Thereby, products with different properties and various application areas are resulted. Important characteristics of cellulose sulfates regarding their applications are solubility (e.g. in water), rheological behavior, different interaction with low or high molecular cations, thermo reversible gel formation, enzymatic degradability, anticoagulant and antiviral activity. In C6-position substituted cellulose sulfates can be synthesized in principle by acetosulfation. The acetosulfation is a quasi-homogeneous synthesis proceeding under gradually dissolution of the cellulose by using different reactivity of the primary and secondary OH-groups as soon as converting cellulose acetate sulfates. After precipitation of the polymer the acetyl groups are cleaved in alkaline solution. The focus of our study was firstly the investigation of the acetosulfation in different polar aprotic solvents by various sulfating and acetylating agents. In general it should be investigated if C6 substituted cellulose sulfates can be obtained by acetosulfation with different solvents and agents. The products were characterized by 13C-NMR and Raman spectroscopy.