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Recent developments in local concepts of fatigue assessment of welded joints

: Radaj, D.; Sonsino, C.M.; Fricke, W.


Susmel, L.:
Fatigue assessment of welded connections : A special symposium on "Fatigue Assessment of Welded Structures" was organized in the ambit of the 6th International Conference on Fracture and Damage Mechanics, FDM 2007, which was held in Madeira, Portugal, from the 17th till the 19th of July 2007
Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2009 (International journal of fatigue 31.2009, Nr.1)
ISSN: 0142-1123
Symposium on "Fatigue Assessment of Welded Structures" <2007, Madeira>
International Conference on Fracture and Damage Mechanics (FDM) <6, 2007, Madeira>
Conference Paper, Journal Article
Fraunhofer LBF ()
fatigue assessment; local concept; welded joint; structural stress; notch stress; fracture mechanics

Several lately proposed modifications or variants of the structural stress or strain concepts, of the notch stress or strain concepts (also termed 'local stress or strain concepts') and of the fracture mechanics concepts of fatigue assessment of welded joints are reviewed, whereas the wider context is presented in a recently republished and actualised standard work. The structural stress concepts described first are based on a linearisation of the stress distribution across the plate thickness or along the anticipated crack path and, alternatively, on the structural stress 1 mm in depth below the weld toe. The structural stress is defined and set against design S-N curves. A further structural stress concept is presented for welded joints in thin-sheet steels and aluminium alloys. Among the elastic notch stress concepts, the variant with the reference notch radius, rho(r) = 1 mm, recently verified also for welded joints in aluminium alloys with plate thicknesses t >= 5 mm and the variant with a small-size reference notch radius, rho(r) = 0.05 mm, applicable to welded joints in thin-sheet materials, are outlined. The elastic-plastic notch strain concept is applied to a spot-welded tensile-shear specimen starting from a small-size keyhole notch at the nugget edge. The novel notch stress intensity factor (NSIF) approach relating to crack initiation and extrapolated to final fracture of seam-welded joints in steels and in aluminium alloys is reviewed. A more recently developed crack propagation approach for spot welds is finally described.