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Surface modification and characterization of thermoplastic polyurethane

: Alves, P.; Coelho, J.F.J; Haack, J.; Rota, A.; Bruinink, A.; Gil, M.H.


European polymer journal : EPJ 45 (2009), No.5, pp.1412-1419
ISSN: 0014-3057
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IFAM ()
thermoplastisches Polymer; Polyurethan; hydrophile Eigenschaft; Ultraviolettbestrahlung; Gammabestrahlung; Grenzflächenstruktur; Polyethylenglykol; Hydroxyethylmethacrylat; Hexamethylendiamin; Chitosan; Oberflächenanalyse; thermische Analyse

This work reports the modification of thermoplastic polyurethanes (TPUs) in order to enlarge their application range, for example, as biomaterials by increasing its hydrophilicity. A TPU was successfully modified by using three different strategies: ultra-violet irradiation (UV), gamma irradiation (GI) and interfacial modification (IM). The results suggested the possibility of modifying the polyurethane-based surface either with poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) or hydroxylethyl methacrylate (HEMA) or hexamethylene diamine (HMD) or chitosan (CT) by using any of these methods. The properties of the grafted PU were evaluated by surface, structural and thermal analysis. The results suggest that, among the methods studied in this work, the modification by gamma irradiation (GI) seems to be the most promising, since this method gives high values of grafting yield and has the advantage of providing a clean modification, meaning that no initiator is needed.