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Synchronization of cooperative base stations

: Jungnickel, V.; Wirth, T.; Schellmann, M.; Haustein, T.; Zirwas, W.


Qu, G. ; Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers -IEEE-:
IEEE International Symposium on Wireless Communication Systems, ISWCS 2008 : Reykjavic, Iceland, 21 - 24 October 2008
New York, NY: IEEE, 2008
ISBN: 978-1-4244-2488-7
International Symposium on Wireless Communication Systems (ISWCS) <5, 2008, Reykjavik>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer HHI ()

We consider synchronization techniques required to enhance the cellular network capacity using base station cooperation. In the physical layer, local oscillators are disciplined by the global positioning system (GPS) and over the backbone network for outdoor and indoor base stations, respectively. In the medium access control (MAC) layer, the data flow can be synchronized by two approaches. The first approach uses so-called time stamps. The data flow through the user plane and through copies of it in each cooperative base station is synchronized using a timing protocol on the interconnects between the base stations. The second approach adds mapping information to the data after the user plane processing is almost finalized. Each forward-error encoded transport block, its modulation and coding scheme and the resources where it will be transmitted are multicast over the interconnect network. Interconnect latency is reduced below 1 ms to enable coherent interference reduction for mobile radio channels.