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Kinetics of water adsorption in microporous aluminophosphate layers for regenerative heat exchangers

: Heyden, H. van; Munz, G.; Schnabel, L.; Schmidt, F.; Mintova, S.; Bein, T.


Applied thermal engineering 29 (2009), No.8-9, pp.1514-1522
ISSN: 1359-4311
Journal Article
Fraunhofer ISE ()
Energieeffiziente und solare Kühlung

The performance of thick aluminophosphate molecular sieve layers for heat exchanger applications is evaluated. The aluminophosphate AIPO-18 (AEI structure type code) molecular sieve sorbent is coated on aluminium supports prior the sorption measurements. Two AIPO-18 samples with different morphological appearance, i.e. nano-sized crystals with monomodal size distribution and micron-sized crystals of varying sizes, are used to prepare layers with thickness in the range of 80-750 gm. As a binder component, polyvinyl alcohol (PVOH) was utilized in order to prepare mechanically stable layers, which are mechanically stable over numerous measuring cycles. The sorption measurements are conducted under canonical conditions at 40 C. The AIPO-18 layers showed decreased mass flows with increasing the thickness. Additionally, the layers comprising nanosized crystals showed higher equilibrium loadings and faster kinetics compared to films based on micron-sized crystals. Following the kinetic studies of pressure, temperature and heat flow, it can be concluded that the heat transport is the rate limiting mechanism for thick aluminophosphate layers. Importantly, the diffusion limitation plays a role only for relatively thin microporous aluminophosphate layers (<200 mu m). Below this thickness complete heat transfer is achieved within 2 min which allows fast heat exchanger cycles. Thus, the application of microporous aluminophosphate layers for heat transformation and storage applications is considered possible.