Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft

Publica

Hier finden Sie wissenschaftliche Publikationen aus den Fraunhofer-Instituten.

Novel aluminum-rich Ti(ind 1 - x)Al(ind x)N coatings by LPCVD

 
: Endler, I.; Höhn, M.; Herrmann, M.; Pitonak, R.; Ruppi, S.; Schneider, M.; Berg, H. van den; Westphal, H.

:

Pauleau, Y.:
Proceedings of the 35th International Conference on Metallurgical Coatings and Thin Films, ICMCTF 2008 : San Diego, California, 28 April - 02 May 2008
Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2008 (Surface and coatings technology 203.2008, Nr.5/7)
ISSN: 0257-8972
pp.530-533
International Conference on Metallurgical Coatings and Thin Films (ICMCTF) <35, 2008, San Diego/Calif.>
English
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IKTS ()
Aluminiumchlorid; anorganischer Überzug; chemisches Aufdampfen; Druckspannung; Gusseisen; Hartstoffüberzug; Kratzfestigkeit; kubischflächenzentriertes Gitter; mechanische Spannungsverteilung; Niederdruckatmosphäre; Niederdruckgasphasenabscheidung; Oxidationsbeständigkeit; physikalisches Aufdampfen; Ritzhärteversuch; Schneidwerkzeug; Stöchiometrie; Titanaluminiumnitrid; Titanchlorid; Young-Modul

Abstract
Original abstract has 13 special characters - please check & edit Today, Ti(ind 1 - x)Al(ind x)N coatings represent a standard PVD coating for cutting tools. Fcc-Ti(ind 1 - x)Al(ind x)N is a metastable homogeneous phase with excellent properties such as high hardness, high oxidation resistance and high cutting performance. An important aim is the preparation of coatings with maximum aluminum content and oxidation resistance. But PVD processes are limited to the deposition of monophase Ti(ind 1 - x)Al(ind x)N coatings with a maximum x = 0.65. In this work the preparation of monophase fcc-Ti(ind 1 - x)Al(ind x)N coatings with x-values of up to 0.9 is described. A low pressure chemical vapor deposition process (LPCVD) using TiCl(ind 4), AlCl(ind 3), NH(ind 3), H(ind 2), N(ind 2) and Ar was applied. At deposition temperatures between 800 deg C and 900 deg C very hard Ti(ind 1 - x)Al(ind x)N layers with 0.8 < times < 0.9 were prepared. The layers possess a high hardness of approx. 3000 HV and a Young's modulus of up to 540 GPa. A strong adherence on hardmetal inserts was achieved by the deposition of a thin TiN coating followed by a special bonding layer. Scratch test measurements showed critical loads of more than 80 N. In the coatings compressive stress was determined that depends on the deposition temperatures and varies between - 450 MPa and - 920 MPa. In different wear tests a high performance of the CVD-Ti(ind 1 - x)Al(ind x)N was observed. Coated inserts showed a reduced wear by 30% in comparison with a state-of-the-art PVD coating in reaming of steel and cast iron. In milling of 42 CrMo4 V or GGG60 the new CVD-Ti(ind 1 - x)Al(ind x)N significantly exceeds the best PVD coatings available on the market today.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-91171.html