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Muscle coordination in healthy subjects during floor walking and stair climbing in robot assisted gait training

: Hussein, S.; Schmidt, H.; Volkmar, M.; Werner, C.; Helmich, I.; Pioko, F.; Krüger, J.; Hesse, S.


Dumont, G. ; Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers -IEEE-; IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society -EMBS-:
30th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS 2008 : "Personalized Healthcare through Technology", August, 20-24, 2008, Vancouver Convention & Exhibition Centre, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Piscataway, NJ: IEEE, 2008
ISBN: 978-1-4244-1814-5
ISBN: 978-1-4244-1815-2
pp.1961-1964 (Vol.5)
Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (Annual International Conference) <30, 2008, Vancouver>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IPK ()

The aim of gait rehabilitation is a restoration of an independent gait and improvement of daily life walking functions. Therefore the specific patterns, that are to be relearned, must be practiced to stimulate the learning process of the central nervous system (CNS). The Walking Simulator HapticWalker allows for the training of arbitrary gait trajectories of daily life. To evaluate the quality of the training a total of 9 subjects were investigated during free floor walking and stair climbing and during the same tasks in two different training modes on the HapticWalker: 1) with and 2) without vertical center of mass (CoM) motion. Electromyograms (EMG) of 8 gait relevant muscles were measured and muscle activation was compared for the various training modes. Besides the muscle activation as an indicator for the quality of rehabilitation training the study investigates if a cancellation of the vertical CoM movement by adaption of the footplate trajectory is feasible i.e. the muscle activation patterns for the two training modes on the HapticWalker agree. Results show no significant differences in activation timing between the training modes. This indicates the feasibility of using a passive patient suspension and emulate the vertical CoM motion by trajectory adaption of the footplates. The muscle activation timing during HapticWalker training shows important characteristics observed in physiological free walking though a few differences can still remain.