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Vertically aligned nanowires from boron-doped diamond

Vertikal-ausgerichtete Nanodrähte aus Bor-dotiertem Diamant
: Yang, N.; Uetsuka, H.; Osawa, E.; Nebel, C.E.


Nano Letters 8 (2008), No.11, pp.3572-3576
ISSN: 1530-6984
ISSN: 1530-6992
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IAF ()

Vertically aligned diamond nanowires with controlled geometrical properties like length and distance between wires were fabricated by use of nanodiamond particles as a hard mask and by use of reactive ion etching. The surface structure, electronic properties, and electrochemical functionalization of diamond nanowires were characterized by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) as well as electrochemical techniques. AFM and STM experiments show that diamond nanowire etched for 10 s have wire-typed structures with 3-10 nm in length and with typically 11 nm spacing in between. The electrode active area of diamond nanowires is enhanced by a factor of 2. The functionalization of nanowire tips with nitrophenyl molecules is characterized by STM on clean and on nitrophenyl molecule-modified diamond nanowires. Tip-modified diamond nanowires are promising with respect to biosensor applications where controlled biomolecule bonding is required to improve chemical stability and sensing significantly.