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Gait machines and robots to support motor rehabilitation after stroke

Gehgeräte und Roboter zur Unterstützung der motorischen Rehabilitation nach Schlaganfällen
: Schmidt, H.; Hussein, S.; Werner, C.; Bernhardt, R.; Hesse, S.; Krüger, J.

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Biomedizinische Technik -DGBMT-:
BMT 2007, 41. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Biomedizinische Technik (DGBMT) im VDE. Proceedings. CD-ROM
Berlin: De Gruyter, 2007 (Biomedizinische Technik - Biomedical Engineering 52.2007, Ergänzungsband)
ISSN: 0939-4990
2 pp.
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Biomedizinische Technik (Jahrestagung) <41, 2007, Aachen>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IPK ()
Gehbewegung; Roboter; Rehabilitation; Rehabilitationshilfe; Schlaganfall; Training; Physiotherapie

The group at Klinik Berlin/Charite University Hospital in Berlin, Germany, began studies to promote motor recovery after stroke in the early 1990s. Following the introduction of treadmill training with partial body-weight support, the group designed an electromechanical gait trainer, GT I, based on movable foot plates that relieve therapist effort (e.g., when assisting the movement of the paretic limbs) and intensify patient gait training (GT). Preliminary results of a recent multicenter trial of 155 acute stroke patients showed that the GT I effectively promotes gait ability and competence in activities of daily living. The experimental group received 20 min of GT and 25 min of physiotherapy (PT) and the control group received 45 min of PT every day for 4 weeks. The laboratory's next step was the HapticWalker, a robotic walking simulator with freely programmable foot plates which was designed and built in close collaboration with the Fraunhofer Institute IPK. On this machine patients can, for example, additionally train for stair climbing and perturbations. The foot plates can be operated in full guidance or compliance control modes, thus reducing foot support according to the patient's learning success.
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