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T cell activation on a single-cell level in dielectrophoresis-based microfluidic devices

 
: Kirschbaum, M.; Jäger, M.S.; Schenkel, T.; Breinig, T.; Meyerhans, A.; Duschl, C.

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Journal of chromatography. A 1202 (2008), No.1, pp.83-89
ISSN: 0021-9673
English
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IBMT ()

Abstract
The gentle and careful in vitro processing of live cells is essential in order to make them available to future therapeutic applications. We present a protocol for the activation of single-T cells based on the contact formation with individual anti-CD3/anti-CD28 presenting microbeads in a lab-on-chip environment. The chips consist of microfluidic channels and microelectrodes for performing dielectrophoretic manipulation employing a.c. electric fields. The dielectrophoretic guiding elements allow the assembly of cell-bead pairs while avoiding ill-defined physical contacts with their environment. After overnight cultivation of the manipulated cells, 77% of the bead-associated T cells expressed the activation marker molecule CD69. Physiological stress on the cells was shown to be mainly due to the single-cell cultivation and not to the manipulation in the chips. The same approach could be useful for the in vitro regulation of stem cell differentiation.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-82866.html