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La politique d'aide à la création d'entreprises en Allemagne: l'exemple du Baden-Württemberg

: Paix, R. de la


Stuttgart: Fraunhofer IRB Verlag, 2001, 470 pp.
ISBN: 3-8167-6057-0
ISBN: 978-3-8167-6057-3
Fraunhofer ISI ()
Industrie- und Handelskammer; Handwerkskammer; Berufsverband; kommunaler Eigenbetrieb; Wirtschaftsministerium; Finanzen; Technologie; Forschung; Existenzgründungsförderung; Universität für Wirtschaftswissenschaft und Sozialwissenschaft

This research analyses the policies for providing aid to new businesses applied by the Federal Republic of Germany and the Land Baden-Württemberg in the 80s and 90s. It covers four main areas. The first part provides an overview of research into new businesses in Germany (from the management, sociological, psychological and macro-economic perspectives). The second section outlines and explains how new businesses developed in Germany and in Baden-Württemberg during this period. Particular attention is given to the economic structure in Baden-Württemberg, which is particularly prone to crises due to a strong industrial focus but offers potential for development in the technology sectors. The third section identifies and analyses the characteristics and development of aid targeted at new businesses. Based on private-public partnerships, this policy is structured around seven instruments: low-interest loans; venture capital; guarantees; recruitment subsidies and bridging allowances; business incubators; services providing advice, information and training; and links to educational institutions. This research also assesses the impact of the aid policy in a socio-economic climate of fundamental change. Finally it looks at the prospects for new businesses in Germany, and considers how they fit into the new entrepreneurial culture.